What causes gum disease and how do I know if I have it?

South Tulsa Sedation Dentistry

What causes gum disease and how do I know if I have it?

No one likes sore or bleeding gums… Dr. Fields in Tulsa, Oklahoma sees this all too often. Gingivitis occurs when plaque accumulates around a tooth and creates a “sticky” layer which causes gum infection.  If you look in your mouth and see redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums around your tooth, you may have gingivitis.

Periodontal Disease occurs when a long-term gum infection is not treated and the patient has one or more of the following risk factors: 

  • Genetics
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Certain Medications
  • Stress
  • Poor Oral Hygiene


Infection and inflammation can lead to the loss of ligaments and bone around the roots of your teeth. To minimize your risk of future gum disease, you must be aware of your own risk factors.  If Periodontal Disease is not treated, it will lead to increased bone loss and eventual tooth loss and can affect your ability to speak and chew food effectively.  Since there are proven correlations between periodontal disease and other chronic diseases of the body such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis, let Dr. Fields help you care for and maintain your gums. Pregnant women should also be aware of their dental health. Dr. Fields philosophy is to not only treat your mouth but care for your entire body.  

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